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tv   Inside Story 2019 Ep 28  Al Jazeera  January 28, 2019 8:32pm-9:01pm +03

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of a big problem because that's when. obstacles are are there that that is an interesting point you sense there is that because of course they've gotten cancer test facing them already now in a hollow how do they respond to this particular attack it's going to pave the way isn't it for many people to look at how the military is going to respond in the future. it's a test case of how well yes of how not just the military itself but the entire national screwed up or out those on the national government will handle this and the police the intelligence and so on so far so this the government has to show not just resolve in running out of them but but competence in doing so in and bringing our own and bring to justice the correct people they're the ones who really perpetrated it if not then this would be seen as a. weakness in the government and you might then have of such operations being launched by. groups that are against the of the the least of the peace
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process just to advance whatever extremist advocacy that they have and. mindanao. from is from central to stu to western in western the now is chock full of those types of of militant extremist or even criminal organizations. and many of them can operate either by themselves or under the. remote control of a nother group it's not impossible to imagine that even though our it does have the hallmarks of of an icy isis type operation that given the level of lawlessness in our law that that might have been carried out by let's say extremist group but with the blessings of another group right right ever how should
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the military respond do you think in a way that will not only slightly a de whale this process that's been so long in coming. well i mean one of the points coming out of that mama soprano example is that the partnership the very robust partnership between government and the morrow islamic liberation front and a number of other stakeholders and partners and mechanisms on the ground which have been put in place over the last twenty is was largely overlooked and so we do see where government acts independently of other supportive peace loving partners on the ground like the m.i.l.f. and we do see outbreaks of violence so i think it's very very important that the philippine government now take seriously this vote and continue that partnership for peace because it's only when those that have some sense of stake in this territory feel that they have some control over their own security will we see
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a change in that dynamic so i think that the military the police and so on mar islamic down forces but also the international monitoring tames decommissioning bodies all of the international partners will need to put together and that's the only way forward and of course to be clear we're talking about the banks to morrow and not the entire mindanao island and of course that also creates a challenge in terms of the other armed groups that operate on the rest of that territory seeing how much challenge is there in this area i mean we've got a three a transition period now and then the election to choose an executive's for example these m.i.l.f. need to how talented is that going to be for them to govern when they used to fighting. well the government of the m.i.l.f. some years ago realize that as they were getting closer to
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a solution to an agreement they needed to prepare for that so there have been a number of institutions stood up over the past years which involve the of iowa which involve the government which involve the international community so there's a development agency there's a leadership and management institute so they have been working towards that at the same time it must be said that the current leadership of the autonomous region will cement that out which is being abolished the current leadership has been very. cooperative in setting things up so that there's an easier transition so as international transitions go this is a pretty well prepared insurgent group to try to move into some of the governance issues. oh they the the the current government the correct me if i'm wrong but is that the autonomous region of muslim mindanao they are double m. many have looked at us and said it was
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a failure do you agree it and what lessons could be learned from that experience. well the m.i.l.f. chairman himself had said that the biggest hurdle that are the biggest challenge that they are facing is actually of the issue of corruption and many see that they are a member of failed because of the corruption and so many levels that were seen in fact the previous era member of governor was being had had face jail time for that and some therefore that is a big question can the can these secessionists the leaders of the censors movement once they move into arm a governance role and together with other ma leaders or so is that will they be able to break that of that. affliction or that that that
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the problem of corruption or will they be sucked up into the system also because it's not just a conflict that this a problem there but also a lot of social injustice. sample jamila had said the while ago that their existence of private armed groups and these are political political figures or political clance a a and this political clans. tend to disenfranchise a lot of of of muslims and therefore that then makes arm. groups such as the secessionists attractive now to. two disenfranchised people therefore are good the m.i.l.f. be able to or in there for another leader be able to. be different from what happened in the air and leadership or not and that remains the biggest question and
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of course now people are going to be ready and i accept that asians have a. this is a very impoverished area people want to see improvements to their standard of living they want to see employment opportunities they want to see better schools better infrastructure how quickly does the m.i.l.f. have to implement these changes. well first lady i am has made a significant effort in the last couple of years to eradicate corruption so i think that's a little bit of an all story but also let's not only look at this through a security framework i mean part of the raise and that the m.l.f. and the m.i.l.f. take up weapons in the first place is a sense of injustice and indignity about the way that many a lot has to has treated them for so long and so it's not just schools and better economy and development that people are looking for it's a recognition of a historic injustices it's dignity and i think that's why they've been so many celebrations over this past week that finally they had the possibility the power to
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say what they wanted and and to enforce that agreement and to continue on what they have been negotiating for for this past twenty years people a hundred thousand lives have been lost there have been massacres all across this area by repeated philippine military isn't ministrations finally we're setting that right so certainly poverty is an issue but it's not the driving factor that started this conflict in the first place so yes schools will continue to function civil servants will continue to get pay mandela has made sure that there's a way to continue to bring five percent of the national budget into the area there will be money provided by the national government to write conflict areas but this is not what the people of the banks of mara have been demanding is is a better economy it's that they want to be recognised and they want at the right to
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govern themselves and i think that's what's significant about this house when and what we have onto it doesn't take away the security complexity but it does mean that we have a better chance of addressing those that we call disenfranchised because we have now enfranchise them they now have the possibility and see how key was present or do you go to turn to all of this because he of course is a mindanao man himself and peace in the region was one of his key campaign promises has he managed in some way to overcome that so not to distrust that's built up over generations in the area. well in some ways he has agreed he has family connections to museums he has as mayor of a city down in the south city had to live with the insurgents and come to move modus vivendi is with them. and in particular though it was his general insistence on reaching the final agreement he wasn't very much bothered about the
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details he left that others up to others including the m.i.l.f. to craft the actual law but he asked congress and pressed congress to get it done and then he went down to court to votto city and held a rally there and cotabato city is now joining the ranks of our autonomous region in a way that it didn't join in the previous autonomous region so his impact has been quite significant. he has thrown up i will say one of the hurdles that i mentioned before because in the original agreement there were supposed to be a branch of the philippine national police called the box of moral police and he has refused to continence that from the very beginning so the moro islamic liberation front has decided that they would take this organic law but there needs
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to be new arrangements for how the decommissioning will happen in the absence of this one small police ok and i was there what's the obstacles might be coming from manila in terms of perhaps the thirtieth success says old supreme court rulings from the authorities that sound. well. savory's it isn't him there is still a. a case filed in the supreme court regarding that and we still are going it's we still have to see what the supreme court's decision will be regarding for example specifically salusa sort of a loss of inclusion in that particular autonomous region. however coming from a security angle there is a lot of distrust ok and expression lee in both sides specifically for something the case of. the armed forces it has.
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it it although there are public displays of or of support ok but internally there are also all grumblings and that is for example why the the decision on the of on this bunker more a police force was reconsidered because it came mainly from pressure from within the security establishment regarding the the possibility of such a of of us such a force being used for other purposes and so again they said although there is no real evidence on or on that force becoming that but there are suspicions and mistrust distrust issues because you did say that has been like not just a fifty year old war it's been ongoing even in the spanish colonial period in american
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culture that period this is just the latest manifestation of all of it so distrust has. existed ok generation to generation or more of course members of the military and i just am the last minute that we have how optimistic are you that can continue on this path to peace. pragmatically optimistic knowing that there are many challenges ahead that we all need to get behind them and support them that the people have spoken but what that they've shown us that what the possibility of peace talks and peace processes can do and once an agreement is signed we expect that pay should come but we know that it's the implementation of that agreement so i'm sure that in so that thailand and me and i are in many other places around the region people are looking to this up to me mystically knowing that challenges and ok really interesting discussion thank you very much to all our guests for joining us today jose antonio custodial emma
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leslie and steve root and thank you two very much for watching you can see the program again any time by visiting our website that's al-jazeera dot com and for further discussion do go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com ford slash a.j. inside story you can also join the conversation on twitter our handle is at a.j. inside story from me laura kyle and the whole team here in doha it's my finale. if you were looking at this from the outside you would really wonder what was going
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on what is this gross is that a religion that they have an in-depth exploration of global capitalism and our obsession with economic growth this is still the center of capitalism there is no limits i view myself as a capital artist we are trying to pay for the world's smallest and smaller we don't want to base a realistic in the world we would rather have a fantasy growing pains on al-jazeera to resort is one of nigeria's top tourist destinations but in the shadow of the mountain some nigerians continue an ancient tradition with child protection workers say condemns young girls to a life of slavery and sexual exploitation five year old miracle was married for money just a few weeks ago she don't leave with some missionaries who says she's proof money marriages happen i couldn't reach it is a missionary or rescues goals the money goes to buy outrightly and no coal and it wouldn't be trucked to gail before she's born there what if it takes
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sammy's a dam in dar how they look at the headlines here now does iran now turkey's president is looking into establishing safe so that would allow for refugees to return to syria around four million syrians refugees brother currently live in turkey an estimated three hundred thousand have already returned sam binge of a there's more from gaza and tap turkey syria border. a lot even once turkish government has closed down a number of refugee camps insight territory perhaps making way for these refugees to go back to syria president have our go on saying that three hundred thousand people have returned to syria but these people have gone back to areas which have been under turkish back to rebel fighters for a number of years in the area of to rob lowe's and bob which came under rebel
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control under the administrative control of turkish government in twenty sixteen and twenty seventeen respectively so people here are reluctant to go back until they find and they make sure that the security situation allows them to go back and rebuild their lives and you have to remember that the the people who are into are not just from these northern parts they're from all over syria who fled the violence and the fighting and you take a step back you see that this statement from their bardon saying that four million refugees need to go back to turkey to go back to syria and turkey is in this war on humanitarian grounds only and does not want any territorial gains from this is coming on the backdrop of a number of statements that have come from not just the syrian government but the russian government as well a turkey and russia held a meeting between the two presidents quite recently perhaps not achieving the core sort of results that they wanted and the book in the point of conventional means the northern part of syria which will be which the u.s. forces say that they will be withdrawing sometime soon which is under good control
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of kurdish fighters as well as at the problems of the being the last rebel stronghold where turkey says that it is under the control of mostly local arab fighters but russia disagrees and says that it is the under the control of harriers from a group that it sees as terrorists it's been almost four months since saudi journalist walked into his consulate in istanbul never to be seen again and now the u.n. human rights investigator looking into his murder is meeting with turkey's foreign minister agnes kalamata will have weeklong talks. and turkey special rapporteur says it's a crucial step forwards towards formal accountability for the killing of the saudi journalist who was also a critic of the crown prince seventy deca has more from istanbul. the un special rapporteur is in ankara meeting the turkish foreign minister she is also expected to come to stamboul where she will be meeting prosecutors the main authorities that
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have been handling the investigation into the murder of her mouth shut you should also expected to meet friends of the journalists and the people that were involved on that day almost four months to the day that she entered that building the saudi consulate we can't see it because the employees of obscured the door with some of these vans many questions remain where is the body. and who ordered his killing the french president says egypt's human rights record is seen as worse now than it was on the hosni mubarak's leadership emanuel mccraw made the comments during a three day trip to the arab nation talks with president under threat that has sisi at the presidential palace in cairo but as well a self-proclaimed president of one way to go is calling for two days of protests to demand the close my door holds new elections president to do or was sworn into office for the second term earlier this month. i saw those claiming responsibility
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for sunday's bomb attacks on a roman catholic cathedral in the southern philippines but philippine army commanders thing i will say our fighters who are linked to plan the two explosions which killed twenty seven people president though the bigger target is visiting some of the wounded on the most the majority island of holo where the attack happened. an opposition party leader in bahrain has lost his appeal against a life sentence for spying. and then two aides in the party were convicted in november of spying for qatar some are on the qatari government deny the charges human rights groups condemned the verdict. taxi drivers are back on the streets of madrid protesting against services such as they say rival drivers from ride hailing apps compete unfairly since they don't face the same regulations and costs park taxis block the section of one of madrid's
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main avenues as part of the open ended strike. search teams in southeast brazil say there's little hope of finding survivors from friday's dam collapse a torrent of sludge from an iron ore mine killed fifty eight people around three hundred are still missing as the reports from the disaster zone the search was called off briefly because of fears the second dam was about to burst. this is the result of the downburst which you don't millions of liters of ways from an iron ore mine in minutes it destroyed everything in its path education and infrastructure homes and lives. didn't come of this so very. well but if i'm just looking for a survivor or any sign of life in the wreckage of this house maybe a leg or a hand of the person i don't know the way the house was built and fell it's hard to see anything the authorities say there's little chance of finding survivors but
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families of the estimated two hundred fifty people unaccounted for continue to. we found for the nunda looking for his brother pitocin a subcontractor at the mine. i have come to the river to see if i can find some information someone who could tell me something or maybe do find a body and it might be my brother the mine owners valet have been fined sixty six million dollars the company said the recent inspection past the safe. this is just one tiny part of the huge devastation in this region a swathe of destruction that swept through this area destroying homes killing possibly hundreds of people many questions being asked about why lessons were not learned from the last such disaster in the nearby town of marianna in november two thousand and fifteen. the town the dean your remains tense these precautions taken with news of a possible second dam about to rupture the all through it is evacuated families in
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vulnerable areas and continue to distribute food water medicine and to. be dodgy has got this is still a possibility it will find survivors until we find every single body the fire department works with the understanding that there are still people alive i mean. some say they will not cannot give up this well there is still some hope. my mom cannot. she's on medications i'm the only one who can go out and look for information. on their al-jazeera roman genial brazil. now here rights groups are describing the jailing of a prominent lawyer in china is a mockery of the rule of law after his trial in a closed court in june last month one kong chiang was sentenced to four and
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a half years for subversion he disappeared during a widespread crackdown on activists four years ago had been in court defending political activists victims of land seizures and banned religious group falun gong adrian brown has more from beijing. for the past three and a half years wang has really been in a legal black hole and until he appeared in court for his one day trial on december the twenty six his family didn't even know if he was dead or alive he was unable to see his wife during his long time incarcerated before his trial and he also wasn't able to select his own legal team now wang had been part of a a grassroots movement here in china which was trying to improve civil society he gave advice to people who were involved in disputes over land seizures or people who were complaining about religious persecution now in the middle of july two thousand and fifteen president xi jinping ordered
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a crackdown on this group and some two hundred fifty lawyers and human rights activists were detained and one is the last of these people to have gone on trial he's been found guilty of subversion sentenced to four and a half years in jail his wife though has said that she believes her husband will appeal an amnesty international on monday said that this trial was a sham and they called the sentence a gross injustice but i think there is another message coming out and that is china's government is essential is saying that it's not overly concerned about international sentiment towards human rights in china opposition protesters in bolivia have tried to disrupt primary elections called by the government of president evo morales they called for voters to abstain while the first round was held on sunday only say the vote is aimed at legitimizing the president's bid for a fourth term which they claim is unconstitutional. a longtime ally of president
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donald trump has said he will consider cooperating with special counsel robert muller as russian investigation roger stone was arrested on friday he's denied charges of lying to congress and witness tampering if there is wrongdoing by other people in the campaign that i know about which i know of no one but if there is i would certainly testify honestly i'd also testify honestly about any other matter including any communications with the president it's true that we spoke on the phone but those communications are political in nature there but now i and there is there is certainly no conspiracy with russia done estabrook has more from washington d.c. well roger stone does seem to be hedging a bet on friday when he was indicted he said that he would not bear witness against president trump now today as he made the rounds on the sunday talk show he said that he may consult with his attorneys and he may have a conversation with the special prosecutor what we don't know is what else robert
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muller may have up his sleeve he may have additional charges that he could bring against roger stone that we might compel him to turn evidence against the president we just don't know at this point we've kind of seen this thing play out over and over again where people close to the president like his attorney michael cohen and his former campaign manager paul man a fourth say that they would not talk and then ended up flipping against the president and we could see that again play out with roger stone a new round of talks between the u.s. envoy to afghanistan and the taliban will be held in doha next month is on my sleeves and is in kabul to brief the government to negotiate when the seventeen year war secretary of state says the u.s. is serious about pursuing peace taking america's armed forces. are a fool's. afghans eager to learn more about the peace talks
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between the u.s. and the taliban. government leaders are not commenting they have complained about not being.

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